Nissan Juke Service and Repair Manual : Structure and operation

Transaxle : Cross-Sectional View

1. Converter housing

1. Converter housing 2. Oil pump
3. Counter drive gear
4. Control valve
5. Oil pan
6. Primary pulley
7. Steel belt
8. Secondary pulley
9. Planetary gear (auxiliary gearbox) 10. Side cover
11. Transaxle case
12. Differential case
13. Final gear
14. Reduction gear
15. Counter driven gear
16. Drive sprocket
17. Oil pump chain
18. Torque converter
19. Driven sprocket

Transaxle : Transaxle Mechanism


It is composed of a pair of pulleys (the groove width is changed freely in the axial direction) and the steel belt (the steel plates are placed continuously and the belt is guided with the multilayer steel rings on both sides).

The groove width changes according to wrapping radius of steel belt and pulley from low status to overdrive status continuously with non-step. It is controlled with the oil pressures of primary pulley and secondary pulley.

Steel belt
It is composed of multiple steel plates (A) and two steel rings (B) stacked to a several number. The feature of this steel belt transmits power with compression of the steel plate in contrast with transmission of power in pulling with a rubber belt. Friction force is required with the pulley slope to transmit power from the steel plate. The force is generated with the following mechanism: Oil pressure applies to the secondary pulley to nip the plate. ⇒The plate is pushed and extended outward. ⇒The steel ring shows withstands.

⇒Pulling force is generated on the steel ring. ⇒The plate of the primary pulley is nipped between the pulley. ⇒Friction force is generated between the steel belt and the pulley.

Therefore, responsibilities are divided by the steel plate that transmits the power with compression and the steel ring that maintains necessary friction force. In this way, the tension of the steel ring is distributed on the entire surface and stress variation is limited, resulting in good durability.


The primary pulley (input shaft side) and the secondary pulley (output shaft side) have the shaft with slope (fixed cone surface), movable sheave (movable cone surface that can move in the axial direction) and oil pressure chamber at the back of the movable sheave.

Pulley gear shifting operation

Pulley gear shifting operation Pulley gear shifting operation The movable sheave slides on the shaft to change the groove width of the pulley. Input signals of engine load (accelerator pedal opening), engine revolution and gear ratio (vehicle speed) change the operation pressures of the primary pulley and the secondary pulley, and controls the pulley groove width. Along with change of the pulley groove width, the belt contact radius is changed. This allows continuous and stepless gear shifting from low to overdrive. The contact radius ratio of each pulley in contact with the belt x auxiliary gearbox gear ratio is the gear ratio.



1st, 2nd and reverse gears are changed with the planetary gear mechanism.

Transaxle : Oil Pressure System

Oil pressure required for operation of the transaxle transmission mechanism is generated by oil pump, oil pressure control valve, solenoid valve, etc.

Transaxle : Component Description

Transaxle : Component Description

Fluid cooler & fluid warmer system : System Description

Fluid cooler & fluid warmer system : System Description




CVT Oil Warmer
The CVT oil warmer (1) is installed on the front part of transaxle assembly.

When engine is started while engine and CVT are cold, engine coolant temperature rises more quickly than CVT fluid temperature.

CVT oil warmer is provided with two circuits for CVT and engine coolant respectively so that warmed engine coolant warms CVT quickly. This helps shorten CVT warming up time, improving fuel economy.

A cooling effect is obtained when A/T fluid temperature is high.

CVT Fluid Cooler

CVT Fluid Cooler
The CVT fluid cooler (1) is installed to the radiator core support.

The CVT fluid cooler prevents CVT fluid temperature from an abnormal increase while driving the vehicle. When flowing into the CVT fluid cooler, CVT fluid is cooled by driving blast while driving the vehicle.

Heater thermostat

Heater thermostat
The heater thermostat is installed on the front part of transaxle assembly.

The heater thermostat starts opening before the completion of an engine warm-up and fully opens at the completion of the engine warm-up. This allows the transaxle to be warmed up when CVT fluid temperature is lower than coolant temperature under low temperature conditions.

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