Nissan Juke Service and Repair Manual : System

CVT control system : System Diagram

CVT control system : System Description


CVT control system : System Description

INPUT/OUTPUT SIGNAL TABLE

*: With Nissan Dynamic Control System


*: With Nissan Dynamic Control System

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

CVT detects the vehicle driving status from switches, sensors and signals, and controls the vehicle so that the optimum shift position and shift timing may always be achieved. It also controls the vehicle to reduce shift and lockup shock, etc.

Receives input signals from switches and sensors.

Sends the output signal necessary for operation of solenoid valves, and evaluates the line pressure, shift timing, lockup operation, engine brake performance, etc.

If a malfunction occurs on the electric system, activate the fail-safe mode only to drive the vehicle.

LIST OF CONTROL ITEMS AND INPUT/OUTPUT

*: If these input/output signals show errors, TCM activates the fail-safe


*: If these input/output signals show errors, TCM activates the fail-safe function.

CVT control system : Fail-Safe

TCM has a fail-safe mode. The mode functions so that operation can be continued even if the signal circuit of the main electronically controlled input/output parts is damaged.

If the vehicle shows following behaviors including "poor acceleration", a malfunction of the applicable system is detected by TCM and the vehicle may be in a fail-safe mode. At this time, check the DTC code and perform inspection and repair according to the malfunction diagnosis procedures.

Fail-safe function



CVT control system : Protection control


CVT control system : Protection control

The TCM becomes the protection control status temporarily to protect the safety when the safety of TCM and transmission is lost. It automatically returns to the normal status if the safety is secured.

The TCM has the following protection control.

CONTROL FOR WHEEL SPIN

CONTROL WHEN FLUID TEMPERATURE IS HIGH


CONTROL WHEN FLUID TEMPERATURE IS HIGH

TORQUE IS REDUCED WHEN DRIVING WITH THE REVERSE GEAR


TORQUE IS REDUCED WHEN DRIVING WITH THE REVERSE GEAR

REVERSE PROHIBIT CONTROL


REVERSE PROHIBIT CONTROL

Line pressure control : System Diagram


Line pressure control : System Diagram

Line pressure control : System Description


Line pressure control : System Description

Highly accurate line pressure control (secondary pressure control) reduces friction for improvement of fuel economy.

NORMAL OIL PRESSURE CONTROL

Appropriate line pressure and secondary pressure suitable for driving condition are determined based on the accelerator pedal position, engine speed, primary pulley (input) speed, secondary pulley (output) speed, vehicle speed, input torque, stop lamp switch signal, transmission range switch signal, lock-up signal, power voltage, target shift ratio, oil temperature and oil pressure.

SECONDARY PRESSURE FEEDBACK CONTROL

In normal oil pressure control and oil pressure control in shifting, highly accurate secondary pressure is determined by detecting the secondary pressure using a oil pressure sensor and by feedback control.

Shift change control : System Diagram

Shift change control : System Description


Shift change control : System Description

To select the gear ratio that can give the driving force to meet driver's intent or vehicle situation, the vehicle driving condition such as vehicle speed or accelerator pedal position is detected and the most appropriate gear ratio is selected and the shifting method before reaching the speed is determined. The information is output to the primary pressure solenoid valve to control the line pressure input/output to the primary pulley, to determine the primary pulley (movable pulley) position and to control the gear position.

D POSITION (NORMAL)

Gear shifting is performed in all shifting ranges from the lowest to the highest gear ratio.

D POSITION (S MODE)


D POSITION (S MODE)

The gear ratio is generally high by limiting the shifting range on the high side, and this always generates a large driving power.

L POSITION


L POSITION

By limiting the shifting range only to the lowest of the gear ratio, a large driving force and engine brake are obtained.

HILL CLIMBING AND DESCENDING CONTROL


HILL CLIMBING AND DESCENDING CONTROL

If a downhill is detected with the accelerator pedal is released, the system performs downshift to increase the engine brake force so that vehicle may not be accelerated more than necessary. If a climbing hill is detected, the system improves the acceleration performance in re-acceleration by limiting the gear shift range on the high side.

NOTE

:
For engine brake control on a downhill, the control can be stopped with CONSULT-III.

CONTROL IN ACCELERATION


CONTROL IN ACCELERATION

From change of the vehicle speed or accelerator pedal position, the acceleration request level of the driver or driving scene is evaluated. In start or acceleration during driving, the gear shift characteristics with linearity of revolution increase and vehicle speed increase are gained to improve the acceleration feel.

Select control : System diagram

Select control : System Description


Select control : System Description

Based on accelerator pedal angle, engine speed, primary pulley speed, and the secondary pulley speed, the optimum operating pressure is set to reduce impact of a selector lever operation while shifting from N (P) to D (R) position.

Lock-up control : System Diagram

Lock-up control : System Description


Lock-up control : System Description

Controls for improvement of the transmission efficiency by engaging the torque converter clutch in the torque converter and eliminating slip of the converter. Achieves comfortable driving with slip control of the torque converter clutch.

The oil pressure feed circuit for the torque converter clutch piston chamber is connected to the torque converter clutch control valve. The torque converter clutch control valve is switched by the torque converter clutch solenoid valve with the signal from TCM. This controls the oil pressure circuit, which is supplied to the torque converter clutch piston chamber, to the release side or engagement side.

If the CVT fluid temperature is low or the vehicle is in fail-safe mode due to malfunction, lock-up control is prohibited.

Lock-up engagement
In lock-up engagement, the torque converter clutch solenoid valve makes the torque converter clutch control valve locked up to generate the lock-up apply pressure. This pushes the torque converter clutch piston for engagement.

Lock-up release condition In lock-up release, the torque converter clutch solenoid valve makes the torque converter clutch control valve non-locked up to drain the lock-up apply pressure. This does not engage the torque converter clutch piston.

Idle neutral control : System Di

Idle neutral control : System Description


Idle neutral control : System Description

If a driver has no intention of starting the vehicle in D position, TCM operates the low brake solenoid valve and controls the oil pressure of the low brake to be low pressure. Therefore, the low brake is in the release (slip) status and the power transmission route of transaxle is the same status as the N position. In this way, the transaxle is in idling status and load to the engine can be reduced to improve fuel economy.

IDLE NEUTRAL CONTROL START CONDITION


IDLE NEUTRAL CONTROL START CONDITION

Idle neutral control is started when all of the following conditions are fulfilled. However, during idle neutral control, idle neutral control is stopped when any of the following conditions is not met.

Driving environment : Flat road or road with mild gradient Selector lever position : D position Vehicle speed : 0 km/h (0 MPH) Accelerator pedal position : 0.0/8 Brake pedal : Depressed
Engine speed : Idle speed Turn signal lamp/hazard signal lamp : Not activated

NOTE

:
Stops or prohibits the idle neutral control when the TCM and ECM detect that the vehicle is in one of the following conditions.

Engine coolant temperature and CVT fluid temperature are the specified temperature or more, or the specified temperature or less.

When a transaxle malfunction occurs.

When the vehicle detects DTC and is in the fail-safe mode.

IDLE NEUTRAL CONTROL RESUME CONDITION

When the idle neutral control finishes, if the vehicle is driven at more than the specified speed and the idle neutral control start conditions are satisfied, the idle neutral control starts again. If the vehicle has a malfunction, the idle neutral control does not start

NISSAN DYNAMIC CONTROL SYSTEM : System diagram

NISSAN dynamic control system : System Description


NISSAN dynamic control system : System Description

TCM receives the NORMAL mode signal, ECO mode signal or SPORT mode signal from the multi display unit through CAN communication.

TCM sends the recognized control mode to ECM through CAN communication (drive mode select signal).

With operation on the multi display unit, the mode is changed on the display, but the mode is actually not changed due to CAN communication malfunction.

The gear shift line is not changed with the control mode change for the following conditions: - When the selector lever is at L position.

- When the selector lever is at D position and S mode is ON.

CONTROL DETAILS OF EACH MODE

FAIL-SAFE


FAIL-SAFE

If CAN communication malfunction occurs between TCM and the multi display unit, the mode when the malfunction occurs is maintained for approximately 30 seconds and the mode is changed to NORMAL mode when the accelerator pedal is released.

A/T shift lock system : System Description

The shift lock is the mechanism provided to prevent quick start of a vehicle by incorrect operation of a drive when the selector lever is in P position.

Selector lever can be shifted from the P position to another position when the following conditions are satisfied.

- Ignition switch is ON.

- Stop lamp switch ON (brake pedal is depressed) - Press the selector button.

SHIFT LOCK OPERATION AT P POSITION

When brake pedal is not depressed (no selector operation allowed) When the brake pedal is not depressed with the ignition switch ON, the shift lock solenoid (A) is OFF (not energized) and the solenoid rod (B) is extended with spring.

The connecting lock lever (C) is located at the position shown in the figure when the solenoid rod is extended. It prevents the movement of the detent rod (D). The selector lever cannot be shifted from the P position for this reason.

When brake pedal is depressed (selector lever operation allowed)


When brake pedal is depressed (selector lever operation allowed) The shift lock solenoid (A) is turned ON (energized) when the brake pedal is depressed with the ignition switch ON. The solenoid rod (B) is compressed with the electromagnetic force. The connecting lock lever (C) rotates when the solenoid rod is compressed. Therefore, the detent rod (D) can be moved. The selector lever can be shifted to other positions for this reason.

P POSITION HOLD MECHANISM (IGNITION SWITCH LOCK)


P POSITION HOLD MECHANISM (IGNITION SWITCH LOCK)

The shift lock solenoid (A) is not energized when the ignition switch is in any position other than ON. The shift mechanism is locked and P position is held. The operation cannot be performed from P position if the brake pedal is depressed with the ignition switch ON when the operation system of shift lock solenoid is malfunctioning. However, the lock lever (C) is forcibly rotated and the shift lock is released when the shift lock release button (B) is pressed from above. The selector operation from P position can be performed.

D : Dtent rod

CAUTION:


CAUTION:
Use the shift lock release button only when the selector lever cannot be operated even if the brake pedal is depressed with the ignition switch ON.

Key lock system : System Description

KEY LOCK MECHANISM

The key is not set to LOCK when the selector lever is not selected to P position. This prevents the key from being removed from the key cylinder.

Key lock status
The slider (B) in the key cylinder (A) is moved to the left side of the figure when the selector lever is in any position other than P position.

The rotator (D) that rotates together with the key (C) cannot be rotated for this reason. The key cannot be removed from the key cylinder because it cannot be turned to LOCK (E).

Key unlock status


Key unlock status
The slider (B) in the key cylinder (A) is moved to the right side of the figure when the selector lever is in P position and the finger is removed from the selector button. The rotator (C) can be rotated for this reason. The key (D) can be removed from the key cylinder because it can be turned to LOCK (E).

On board diagnostic (OBD) system


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