Nissan Juke Service and Repair Manual : System

Automatic air conditioning system : System Diagram

Automatic air conditioning system : System Description


Automatic air conditioning system : System Description

DESCRIPTION

Automatic air conditioning system is controlled by each function of A/C auto amp., BCM, ECM and IPDM E/ R.

Each operation of air conditioning system is transmitted from multi display unit via CAN communication. A/C auto amp. transmits each type of indication information (A/C display signal) to multi display unit via CAN communication. Multi display unit displays each type of indication information (A/C display signal) that is received.

CONTROL BY A/C AUTO AMP.

HAC-111, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Temperature Control" HAC-111, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Air Outlet Control" HAC-111, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Air Flow Control" HAC-112, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Air Inlet Control" HAC-112, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Compressor Control" HAC-114, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Door Control" HAC-116, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : ECO Mode Control" Correction for input value

Ambient temperature correction - The A/C auto amp. inputs the temperature detected with the ambient sensor as the ambient temperature.

- Perform the correction of the temperature detected with the ambient sensor for air conditioning control.

- Select and use the initial value of ambient temperature data depending on the engine coolant temperature when turning the ignition switch from OFF to ON. Use the detection temperature of the ambient sensor at low coolant temperature [less than approximately 56C (133F)]. Use the memory data (before the ignition switch is OFF) when the engine is warming up [approximately 56C (133F) or more].

- Do not perform the correction of the ambient temperature when the detection temperature of the ambient temperature is less than approximately −20C (4F).

Passenger room temperature correction - The A/C auto amp. inputs the temperature detected with the in-vehicle sensor as the passenger room temperature.

- Perform the correction of the temperature detected with the in-vehicle sensor for air conditioning control.

- The A/C auto amp. performs the correction so that the recognition passenger room temperature changes depending on the difference between the detected passenger room temperature and the recognition passenger room temperature. If the difference is large, the changing is early. The changing becomes slow as the difference becomes small.

Intake temperature correction - The A/C auto amp. inputs the temperature detected with the intake sensor as the intake temperature.

- Perform the correction of the temperature detected with the intake sensor for air conditioning control.

- The A/C auto amp. performs the correction so that the recognition intake temperature changes depending on the difference between the detected intake temperature and the recognition intake temperature. If the difference is large, the changing is early. The changing becomes slow as the difference becomes small.

Sunload amount correction - The A/C auto amp. inputs the sunload amount detected with the sunload sensor.

- Perform the correction of the sunload amount detected with the sunload sensor for air conditioning control.

- When the sunload amount suddenly changes, for example when entering a tunnel, perform the correction so that the recognition sunload amount of the A/C auto amp. changes slowly.

Set temperature correction - A/C auto amp. controls The A/C auto amp. performs the correction to the target temperature set by the temperature control switch so as to match the temperature felt by the passengers depending on the ambient temperature detected with the ambient sensor and controls it so that the interior air temperature is always the most suitable.

CONTROL BY BCM

HAC-112, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Compressor Control" CONTROL BY ECM
HAC-112, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Compressor Control" Cooling fan control
- HR16DE: Refer to EC-479, "COOLING FAN CONTROL : System Description".

- MR16DDT: Refer to EC-61, "COOLING FAN CONTROL : System Description".

- K9K: Refer to EC-827, "COOLING FAN CONTROL : System Description".

CONTROL BY IPDM E/R
HAC-112, "AUTOMATIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM : Compressor Control" Cooling fan control. Refer to PCS-9, "POWER CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description" (with Intelligent Key) or PCS-41, "POWER CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description" (without Intelligent Key).

Automatic air conditioning system : Temperature Control

When ignition switch is in the ON position, A/C auto amp. always automatically controls temperature regardless of air conditioner operational state.

A/C auto amp. calculates the target air mix door opening angle depending on set temperature, in-vehicle temperature, ambient temperature, and sunload.

Air mix door is controlled depending on the comparison of current air mix door opening angle and target air mix door opening angle.

Regardless of in-vehicle temperature, ambient temperature, and sunload, air mix door is fixed at the fully cold position when set temperature is 16C, and at the fully hot position when set temperature is 30C.

Automatic air conditioning system : Air Outlet Control


Automatic air conditioning system : Air Outlet Control

While air outlet is in automatic control, A/C auto amp. selects the mode door position depending on a target air mix door angle and outlet air temperature calculated from sunload.

If ambient temperature is excessively low, D/F is selected to prevent windshield fogging when air outlet is set to FOOT.

Automatic air conditioning system : Air Flow Control


Automatic air conditioning system : Air Flow Control

DESCRIPTION

A/C auto amp. changes duty ratio of blower motor drive signal and controls air flow continuously. When air flow is increased, duty ratio of blower motor drive signal gradually increases to prevent a sudden increase in air flow.

In addition to manual control and automatic control, air flow control is compose of starting fan speed control, low coolant temperature starting control, high in-vehicle temperature starting control, and blower speed control at door motor operation.

AUTOMATIC AIR FLOW CONTROL

A/C auto amp. decides target air flow depending on target air mix door opening angle.

A/C auto amp. changes duty ratio of blower motor drive signal and controls air flow continuously so that air flow matches to target air flow.

When air outlet is VENT or B/L, the minimum air flow is changed depending on sunload.

STARTING FAN SPEED CONTROL


STARTING FAN SPEED CONTROL

When blower motor is activated, A/C auto amp. gradually increases duty ratio of blower fan drive signal to prevent a sudden increase in discharge air flow. (T1 T2 = approximately 10 seconds) NOTE

:
Do not perform the starting air flow control when the discharge outlet is set to DEF.

LOW COOLANT TEMPERATURE STARTING CONTROL


LOW COOLANT TEMPERATURE STARTING CONTROL

If the engine coolant temperature is 56C (133F) or less, to prevent a cold discharged air flow, A/C auto amp. suspends blower motor activation for the maximum 100 seconds depending on target air mix door opening angle. After this, blower fan drive signal is increased gradually, and blower motor is activated.

FAN SPEED CONTROL AT DOOR MOTOR OPERATION


FAN SPEED CONTROL AT DOOR MOTOR OPERATION

When mode door motor is activated while air flow is more than the specified value, A/C auto amp. reduces temporarily fan speed so that mode door moves smoothly.

HIGH IN- TEMPERATURE STARTING CONTROL

When evaporator temperature is high [intake air temperature sensor value is 35C (95F) or more], to prevent a hot discharged air flow, A/C auto amp. suspends blower motor activation for approximately 3 seconds so that evaporator is cooled by refrigerant.

Automatic air conditioning system : Air Inlet Control

While air inlet is in automatic control, A/C auto amp. selects air inlet (fresh air intake, 20% fresh air intake, or recirculation) depending on set temperature, in-vehicle temperature, and ambient temperature.

Air inlet is fixed to 80% FRE, only when the conditions are satisfied as follows:
- Air inlet is FOOT
- Ambient temperature is 8C (46F) or less - Blower motor (applied voltage) is 10 V or more

Automatic air conditioning system : Compressor Control


Automatic air conditioning system : Compressor Control

DESCRIPTION

When the compressor activation condition is satisfied while blower motor is activated, A/C auto amp. transmits A/C ON signal and blower fan ON signal to BCM.

BCM transmits the A/C ON signal and blower fan ON signal to ECM via CAN communication line.

- With Intelligent Key system: Refer to BCS-13, "SIGNAL BUFFER SYSTEM : System Description".

- Without Intelligent Key system: Refer to BCS-103, "SIGNAL BUFFER SYSTEM : System Description".

ECM judges the conditions of each sensor (Refrigerant pressure sensor signal, accelerator position signal, etc.), and transmits the A/C compressor request signal to IPDM E/R via CAN communication line.

By receiving the A/C compressor request signal from ECM, IPDM E/R turns the A/C relay to ON, and activates the compressor.

- With Intelligent Key system: Refer to PCS-6, "RELAY CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description".

- Without Intelligent Key system: Refer to PCS-38, "RELAY CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description".

CONTROL BY A/C AUTO AMP.

Low Temperature Protection Control

With HR16DE and MR16DDT When intake sensor detects that evaporator surface temperature is 3C (37F) or less, A/C auto amp. requests ECM to turn the compressor OFF, and stops the compressor.

When the air temperature returns to 5C (41F) or more, the compressor is activated.

With K9K


With K9K
When intake sensor detects that evaporator surface temperature is −5C (23F) or less, A/C auto amp. requests ECM to turn the compressor OFF, and stops the compressor.

When the air temperature returns to −2C (28F) or more, the compressor is activated.

CONTROL BY ECM


CONTROL BY ECM

Compressor Protection Control at Pressure Malfunction The high-pressure side value that is detected by refrigerant pressure sensor is as per the following state, ECM requests IPDM E/R to turn A/C relay OFF and stop the compressor.

With HR16DE and MR16DDT
3.12 MPa (31.82 kg/cm2, 452.4 psi) or more (When the engine speed is less than 1,500 rpm)
2.74 MPa (27.95 kg/cm2, 397.3 psi) or more (When the engine speed is 1,500 rpm or more)
0.14 MPa (1.43 kg/cm2, 20.3 psi) or less

With K9K
2.8 MPa (28.56 kg/cm2, 406 psi) or more (When the engine speed is less than 1,500 rpm)
2.8 MPa (28.56 kg/cm2, 406 psi) or more (When the engine speed is 1,500 rpm or more)
0.12 MPa (1.22 kg/cm2, 17.4 psi) or less

Compressor Oil Circulation Control When the engine starts while the engine coolant temperature is 56C (133F) or less, ECM activates the compressor for approximately 6 seconds and circulates the compressor oil once.

Air Conditioning Cut Control When the engine condition is high load, ECM makes the A/C relay to OFF, and stops the compressor. Refer to following.

HR16DE: EC-476, "AIR CONDITIONING CUT CONTROL : System Description" MR16DDT: EC-60, "AIR CONDITIONING CUT CONTROL : System Description"

Automatic air conditioning system : Door Control

DOOR MOTOR CONTROL

 LCU (Local Control Unit) is built in to each door motor. And detects door


LCU (Local Control Unit) is built in to each door motor. And detects door position by PBR (Potentio Balance Resistor).

A/C auto amp. communicates with each LCU via communication line. And receives each door position feedback signal from each LCU.

Each LCU controls each door to the appropriate position depending on the control signal from A/C auto amp.

when the door movement is complete, transmits the signal of door movement completion to A/C auto amp.

SWITCH AND THEIR CONTROL FUNCTION

1. Intake door


1. Intake door
2. Blower motor
3. Air conditioner filter 4. Evaporator
5. Max. cool door
6. Upper air mix door
7. Lower air mix door
8. Heater core
9. Foot door
10. Side ventilator door 11. Center ventilator door 12. Defroster door

Recirculation airFresh air intake
DefrosterRecirculation air
Center ventilatorDefroster
Side ventilatorCenter ventilator
FootSide ventilator
Rear foot*Foot
*: With rear foot ductRear foot*


*: With rear foot duct

AIR DISTRIBUTION


AIR DISTRIBUTION

Without rear foot duct

With rear foot duct


With rear foot duct

Automatic air conditioning system : ECO Mode Control


Automatic air conditioning system : ECO Mode Control

DESCRIPTION

A/C auto amp. receives operation status of each switch (A/C operation signal), D-MODE setting status (ECO mode signal), and CLIMATE ECO setting status (A/C ECO setting signal) from multi display unit via CAN communication.

A/C auto amp. operates air conditioning system in ECO mode, when D-MODE on multi display unit is set to ECO mode while air conditioning system is in automatic control.

NOTE

:
For setting procedure of D-MODE, refer to AV-99, "NISSAN DYNAMIC CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description".

Activation or deactivation of ECO mode can be changed using multi display unit setting function (CLIMATE ECO). For setting procedure, refer to AV-99, "NISSAN DYNAMIC CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description".

CONTROL OUTLINE

During ECO mode operation, A/C auto amp. changes air flow and control characteristics of air inlet, within a range that may not spoil the comfort level, lowers operation ratio of compressor, and reduces the electrical load. This reduces engine load and improved fuel economy. Refer to the following items for details of each control.

Air Flow Control
A/C auto amp. increases voltage to power transistor gate compared to ordinary operation and reduces voltage to blower motor. This reduces air flow.

Since air flow is reduced, the amount of air that passes evaporator is reduced. Increase of evaporator temperature can be moderated. Evaporator temperature is easily shifted to temperature control range for low temperature protection control. Operation ratio of evaporator is reduced.

Since air flow is reduced, the electrical load is reduced. Alternator power output can be moderated.

Air Inlet Control
In the following conditions, A/C auto amp. controls air inlet and increases recirculation air mixing ratio compared to ordinary operation.

- Ambient temperature: 25C (77F) or more - Temperature setting: Any temperature other than full cold (16C) or full hot (30C)
- Air outlet: In automatic control - Air flow: In automatic control - Air inlet: In automatic control or in fresh air intake mode by manual control
- A/C switch: ON

By increasing recirculation air mixing ratio, cooled air in passenger room is circulated in larger amount than during ordinary operation. Air temperature blowing to evaporator is maintained at a low level. Evaporator temperature increase can be moderated. Evaporator temperature is easily shifted to temperature control range for low temperature protection control. Operation ratio of evaporator is reduced.

Automatic air conditioning system : Fail-safe

FAIL-SAFE FUNCTION

If a communication error exists between the A/C auto amp. and multi display unit for 2 seconds or longer, air conditioning is controlled under the following conditions:

A/C display : OFF
Set temperature : Setting before communication error occurs Air outlet : AUTO
Air flow : AUTO
Air inlet : FRE (Fresh air intake) A/C switch : ON

PTC heater control system : System Diagram

PTC heater control system : System Description


PTC heater control system : System Description

A/C auto amp. performs PTC relay ON/OFF control based on engine speed, engine coolant temperature, electrical power cut freeze signal (permission signal, retention signal, stop signal), fan speed, ambient temperature, battery voltage, and electrical load signal (high beam request signal, low beam request signal, rear window defogger ON signal, and others).

When PTC relay turns ON, power supply is supplied to PTC heater. Heating element is heated and air flow temperature is increased. Heating is available for a period of time until engine coolant temperature is increased when engine starts cold in cold climate.

Idle up request signal is transmitted from A/C auto amp. to ECM while PTC heater operates. Idle speed is increased, warming-up is facilitated, and battery electric power is obtained.

Electric power supplied to PTC heating element is subject to PTC relay control conditions.

NOTE:


NOTE

:
PTC heater operation depends on ambient temperature and battery voltage. PTC heater is ON when ambient temperature is 8C or less. PTC heater is OFF when ambient temperature is 12C or more. PTC heater is ON when battery voltage is 11.5 V or more. PTC heater is OFF when battery voltage is 11 V or less.

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